Preah Vihear


 self-empowerment: "Intimidation is consciously, and selfishly rationalized notions of self-empowerment."



 

HISTORY IN BRIEF

No one knows for certain how long people have lived in what is now Cambodia, as studies of its prehistory are undeveloped. A carbon-l4 dating from a cave in northwestern Cambodia suggests that people using stone tools lived in the cave as early as 4000 bc, and rice has been grown on Cambodian soil since well before the 1st century ad. The first Cambodians likely arrived long before either of these dates. They probably migrated from the north, although nothing is known about their language or their way of life.

By the beginning of the 1st century ad, Chinese traders began to report the existence of inland and coastal kingdoms in Cambodia. These kingdoms already owed much to Indian culture, which provided alphabets, art forms, architectural styles, religions (Hinduism and Buddhism), and a stratified class system. Local beliefs that stressed the importance of ancestral spirits coexisted with the Indian religions and remain powerful today.

Cambodia's modem-day culture has its roots in the 1st to 6th centuries in a state referred to as Funan, known as the oldest Indianized state in Southeast Asia. It is from this period that evolved Cambodia's language, part of the Mon-Khmer family, which contains elements of Sanskrit, its ancient religion of Hinduism and Buddhism. Historians have noted, for example, that Cambodians can be distinguished from their neighbors by their clothing - checkered scarves known as Kramas are worn instead of straw hats.



Angkor Thom
 

PHNOM PENH-PROVINCE
1 Bantey Meanchey 350 Km
2 Oddar Meanchey 445 Km
3 Siem Reap 315 Km
4 Preah Vihear 325 Km
5 Kompong Thom 170 Km
6 Stung Treng 455 Km
7 Kratie 315 Km
8 Rattanakiri 610 Km
9 Mondolkiri 220 Km
10 Kompong Cham 125 Km
11 Prey Veng 90 Km
12 Svay Rieng 120 Km
13 Kandal 15 Km
14 Takeo 90 Km
15 Kampot 150 Km
16 Koh Kong 280 Km
17 Kompomg Speu 50   Km
18 Kompong Chhnang 91 Km
19 Pursat 190 Km
20 Battambang 290 Km
  MUNICIPALITY
21 Phnom Penh
22 Sihanoukville
23 Kepville
24 Palinville

Regional Map

Funan gave way to the Angkor Empire with the rise to power of King Jayavarman II in 802. The following 600 years saw powerful Khmer kings dominate much of present day Southeast Asia, from the borders of Myanmar east to the South China Sea and north to Laos. It was during this period that Khmer kings built the most extensive concentration of religious temples in the world - the Angkor temple complex.

The most successful of Angkor's kings, Jayavarman II, Indravarman I, Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII, also devised a masterpiece of ancient engineering: a sophisticated irrigation system that includes barays (gigantic man-made lakes) and canals that ensured as many as three rice crops a year. Part of this system is still in use today.

THE KHMER KINGDOM

Early Chinese writers referred to a kingdom in Cambodia that they called Funan. Modern-day archaeological findings provide evidence of a commercial society centered on the Mekong Delta that flourished from the 1st century to the 6th century. Among these findings are excavations of a port city from the 1st century, located in the region of Oc-Eo in what is now southern Vietnam. Served by a network of canals, the city was an important trade link between India and China. Ongoing excavations in southern Cambodia have revealed the existence of another important city near the present-day village of Angkor Borei.

A group of inland kingdoms, known collectively to the Chinese as Zhenla, flourished in the 6th and 7th centuries from southern Cambodia to southern Laos. The first stone inscriptions in the Khmer language and the first brick and stone Hindu temples in Cambodia date from the Zhenla period. Angkor Era

SOURCE: Microsoft Encarta / E-government website

 

 

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